Preregistration

How to debunk health-related misinformation? An experimental online study of text structures and headline formats

Author(s) / Creator(s)

König, Laura M.
Kotz, Johannes
Giese, Helge

Abstract / Description

The spread of misinformation hinders prominent societal issues such as pandemics and climate change to be tackled. Texts following a “truth sandwich” format have been suggested to debunk misinformation, but their effects are yet to be comprehensively tested. To evaluate the impact of text structure and headline format on the text’s ability to debunk misinformation, its credibility and perceived social impact and to explore underlying mechanisms via evaluation of the presented information and trust in science. A representative sample of 4904 participants will be recruited via the PsychLab platform. Experimental online study with a 2 structure (truth sandwich/ bottom-heavy text) x 2 headline (question/ statement) x 2 topic (genetically modified crop plants/ vaccination) between-subjects design. Primary outcome is the agreement with six statements containing misinformation, of which two were addressed by the experimental manipulation; secondary outcomes are the evaluation of the presented information and its perceived social impact.

Persistent Identifier

PsychArchives acquisition timestamp

2022-02-02 10:33:50 UTC

Publisher

PsychArchives

Citation

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
    König, Laura M.
  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
    Kotz, Johannes
  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
    Giese, Helge
  • PsychArchives acquisition timestamp
    2022-02-02T10:33:50Z
  • Made available on
    2022-02-02T10:33:50Z
  • Date of first publication
    2022-02-02
  • Abstract / Description
    The spread of misinformation hinders prominent societal issues such as pandemics and climate change to be tackled. Texts following a “truth sandwich” format have been suggested to debunk misinformation, but their effects are yet to be comprehensively tested. To evaluate the impact of text structure and headline format on the text’s ability to debunk misinformation, its credibility and perceived social impact and to explore underlying mechanisms via evaluation of the presented information and trust in science. A representative sample of 4904 participants will be recruited via the PsychLab platform. Experimental online study with a 2 structure (truth sandwich/ bottom-heavy text) x 2 headline (question/ statement) x 2 topic (genetically modified crop plants/ vaccination) between-subjects design. Primary outcome is the agreement with six statements containing misinformation, of which two were addressed by the experimental manipulation; secondary outcomes are the evaluation of the presented information and its perceived social impact.
    en
  • Publication status
    other
  • Review status
    unknown
  • Persistent Identifier
    https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12034/4779
  • Persistent Identifier
    https://doi.org/10.23668/psycharchives.5373
  • Language of content
    eng
  • Publisher
    PsychArchives
  • Is related to
    https://www.psycharchives.org/handle/20.500.12034/4778
  • Is related to
    https://doi.org/10.23668/psycharchives.8135
  • Is related to
    https://doi.org/10.23668/psycharchives.8136
  • Is related to
    https://doi.org/10.23668/psycharchives.8137
  • Is related to
    https://doi.org/10.23668/psycharchives.8142
  • Is related to
    https://doi.org/10.23668/psycharchives.5372
  • Dewey Decimal Classification number(s)
    150
  • Title
    How to debunk health-related misinformation? An experimental online study of text structures and headline formats
    en
  • DRO type
    preregistration
  • Visible tag(s)
    PRP-QUANT